SNCC, CORE, Sit-Ins & Freedom Rides 1960-61
This is the invite to the conference at Shaw College in Raleigh, North Carolina where SNCC was founded. The aim was discuss ‘what next?’ A key event.
Ella Baker was a key facilitator in the creation of SNCC - she wanted the students to organise the sand define their own agenda. How are those ideas expressed here? How do the ideas explained here make us reconsider what we mean when we think of the Civil Rights Movement?
Website focussing on the Student Nonviolent Co-ordinating Committee in its radical nonviolent integrationist phase. Contains biographies, a useful timeline, and audio. A good place to start.
16 editions of the SNCC newspaper 'Student Voice' covering the period 1964 & 1965. Presented in PDF format.
This undated scanned document from the early 1960s provides an insight into how SNCC & CORE based their actions around nonviolence. It contains rules and codes of behaviour for those protesting, confronted by opposition and those who had been jailed. What does this tell you about the nature of the struggle?
In this video, Diane Nash - a co-founder of SNCC - explains her role organising sit-ins and freedom rides in Tennessee and beyond.
James Meredity, the man who integrated 'Ole Miss' reflects on his campaigning past and his critique of the current incumbent in the White House.
Site supporting the authoritative PBS documentary. Contains the full documentary, a timeline an interactive map. A fantastic place to start understanding the Freedom Rides and their relationship to the wider movement.
The letter to the president from James Farmer, National Director of CORE, explaining the nature and purpose of the proposed Freedom Rides. How does the letter reflect the non-violent ideology in action?
In the face of mob violence in Alabama, James Farmer contacted the White House to detail the violence. How does the telegram reflect the danger facing the Freedom Riders and CORE's strategy?
The Associated Press Agency produced this map in 1961 to help explain the Freedom Rides for the newspapers it supplied information to. Helpfully details the path of both the CORE buses, and the SNCC-organised Freedom Rides which began when the CORE activists could not continue due to arrest, intimidation and injury.
CORE produced this pamphlet to record and reproduce the hearings held in May, 1962, of the Committee of Inquiry into the Administration of Justice in the Freedom Struggle. The testimony of a number of SNCC & CORE activists, many of them students, gives a sense of their commitment and the opposition faced.