The USA 1861-1865: Civil War
A collection of relatively short extracts relating to key events. Useful for considering how contemporaries experienced/responded to the unfolding crisis.
How did plantation owners and northern industrialists, yeoman farmers and slaves, and women and children experience the Civil War and the enormous social and political changes it wrought? Though the Civil War is the most written-about episode in American history, politicians continue to debate its legacy and historians continue to uncover rich new details and narratives. Recently a handful of scholars (perhaps influenced by studies of the impact of television on the Vietnam War) have sought to explore the relationship between the Civil War and the photographers and photographs that documented the conflict and its aftermath.This article aims to summarize and synthesize much of this material in order to elucidate how photographs influenced Americans at war and on the homefront, and how they can enrich our present understanding of the Civil War.
This collection is comprised of pamphlets, books, broadsides, cartoons, clippings, paintings, maps, and other print memorabilia about America from circa 1830 to 1880. Items are drawn primarily from the collection of the Library Company of Philadelphia. If you want a document archive exploring both the origins of the sectional crisis, the war ad the aftermath this is a really useful resource.
A useful portal collecting together a range of resources and sites on Lincoln. I have listed some of those sites separately, but this is a good place to start.
The Selected Civil War Photographs Collection contains 1,118 photographs. Most of the images were made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady, and include scenes of military personnel, preparations for battle, and battle after-effects. The collection also includes portraits of both Confederate and Union officers, and a selection of enlisted men. Includes a timeline to help you search for specific documents.
This University of Virginia Site provides a rich archive of source material exploring how communities on either side of the conflict experienced war. Holds extensive archives of maps, official records, letters,photos. A place to explore the cultural impact of conflict.
A searchable database of various editions of 21 newspapers, most Northern, covering the war years.
Pretty basic, but if you want an introduction to the musical culture of the civil war, this is useful.
George Mason University site, collecting articles from the New York Times, Harper's and others, detailing the impact of war on the city.
Part of the University of North Carolina's Documenting the American South project. A range of resources on the Southern experience of war.
How did the Confederate States incorporate the US constitution into their constitution, where did they differ?
"We have entered upon the career of independence, and it must be inflexibly pursued." How did Jefferson Davies, President of the provisional Confederate Government, explain the secession and the new Confederacy?
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." This site contains scanned copies of the proclamation and the preliminary proclamation of the previous year.
On March 3, 1863 President Lincoln signed The Enrollment Act , which required all male citizens between the ages of twenty and forty-five to enroll for possible military service. Across the country, the act was immediately unpopular and sparked many demonstrations in protest of the new law, most notably in the Draft Riots in New York City in July 1863.
Reports on the riots in New York. What do these reports tell us about the unity of the North during the war? What were sources of division?
Letter from Lewis Douglass, son of the famous black abolitionist Frederick Douglass recounting the attack on Fort Wagner in South Carolina. This was one of the first military engagements by a regiment of black soldiers - later fictionalised in the film Glory.
Scans from Harper’s Weekly covering the Draft Riots in text and cartoons.
Four months after the Battle of Gettysburg, Lincoln joined in a dedication of a national cemetery on a portion of the battlefield. The speech he delivered that day would become one of the most famous speeches given by a U.S. President.
Just over a month before his assassination, Lincoln gives his brief yet poignant second Inaugural Address. With the end of the Civil War rapidly approaching, Lincoln uses the opportunity to look toward the eventual peace and reconstruction of the Union. He begins his closing remarks with the famous words "With malice toward none; with charity for all."