The USA 1929-41
Documents/sites/video relating to the Wall Street Crash/Depression era.
Delivered 8 months before the crash Hoover's speech gives you a great insight into political thinking at the peak of the boom: "The questions before our country are problems of progress to higher standards; they are not the problems of degeneration" Intriguing.
A great set of resources that might lead you to reconsider the legacy of Herbert Hoover. Was he really the laissez faire do-nothing president of myth? These sources present an image of a presidency gradually working out ways of responding to a massive economic crisis.
A collection of transcipts of interviews conducted in the 60s & 70s with survivors of the Hoover Administration. To come soon: Dwight Eisenhower on his role in clearing the Bonus Marchers from Washington, D.C. in 1932.
The Bonus Army, some 15,000 to 20,000 World War I veterans from across the country, marched on the Capitol in June 1932 to request early payment of cash bonuses due to them in 1945. The Great Depression had destroyed the economy, leaving many veterans jobless. Contains photos and one of the original posters stating aims.
A great selection of documents exploring the Bonus march and public and press reaction to its eventual suppression.
Theodore Joslin was Herbert Hoover's personal secretary. These excerpts from his diary recount the last few days of Hoover's presidency and the sense of growing panic and bank failures increased.
The Roosevelt Institute's portal for all things connected to the New Deal. Documents, archives, lesson plans, debates. A really useful resource for students & teachers.
The University of Virginia's portal for exploring American culture and society during the 1930s. Worth exploring the various mini sites held within - for example, a great resource on Orson Welles' famous radio version of War of the Worlds.
Text and audio of this key addess in outlining the pragmatic agenda of FDR
The Roosevelt Library's Interactive resource taking you through Franklin Roosevelt's presidency. Contains photos and source material.
PDF containing extracts of analysis and opinion on the impact of the first 100 Days of the New Deal
A PDF of documents including campaign materials, telegrams transcripts, documents and ephemera from the inauguration in March 1933 (the last to be held that late - from 1937, the inauguration took place in January) and the frenzied first 100 days of office that followed.
University of Virginia site exploring FDR's battle to implement his agenda . Uses the chronology to explore different areas of reform. Also contains useful galleries of speeches, cartoons and newspaper editorials on the crisis, banking, the 100 days and court-packing.
The late Roland Marchand produced a number of classroom respurces for exploring US History: This one presents questions and sources for investigating FDR's aborted plan to restructure the US Supreme Court.
Charles Coughlin, the 'radio priest', proved to be a media-literate populist during the 1930s - attacking the inadequacy of FDR's New Deal via his organisation, the National Union for Social Justice. This site contains searchable scanned copies of every edition of his weekly magazine 'Social Justice' from March 1936 to April 1942. A great resource for exploring opposition to the New Deal.
The Library of Congress' gallery of Farm Security Administration & Office of War Information Color Photographs includes over 1,500 photos. You can edit these down into your own gallery -see the Rosie the Riveter gallery in the WW2 section. Has links to the LoC site that contains more information and analysis on this rich resource.
By 1938, Joe Louis had become the first black heavyweight boxing champion since Jack Johnson. As the Nazi state rose in power through the 1930s it took to using sporting contests as opportunities to express racial superiority. Louis had been beaten by Schmeling in 1936, so when the two faced a rematch in 1938, for the world title, the fight took on a wider symbolism. This documentary explores the way the fight reflected and challenged contemporary ideas about race and freedom.
The complete broadcast of Orson Welles' famous 1938 radio program accompanied by an exploration of the cultural conditions that led to the ensuing panic. Why did a radio play about alien invasion cause genuine panic?
University of Pennsylvania's site on Marian Anderson contains the programme and photos of her historic concert at the Lincoln Memorial on April 9th 1939.